I was so proud of us today (Saturday 23 August 2008).
The rally was a wonderful demonstration of many things...
First, the staying power and strength of the movement against the pulp mill.
I was so proud of us today (Saturday 23 August 2008).
The rally was a wonderful demonstration of many things...
First, the staying power and strength of the movement against the pulp mill.
Please send your message to Mr Rudd to say no to the pulp mill and that you want to protect forests for our climate and future generations - not pulp them for short-term profit. Go to online petition
Together we've helped convince the ANZ bank to do the right thing and say NO to Gunns'pulp mill and now none of Australia's big four banks will touch it. And thanks to supporters like you we have been able to highlight the devastating impacts of the mill to such an extent that even the new Tasmanian Premier is listening.
Yet Prime Minister Rudd continues to voice his support for this shameful pulp mill. Right now I need your help to wake him up to the real cost of the pulp mill, the real cost of logging, and the real cost to our climate, communities and future generations.
Conservative estimates show that the pulp mill will increase the amount of emissions pouring into our atmosphere at a rate equivalent to an extra 2.3 million cars on our roads every year.
In addition to this, recent media has highlighted the new ANU findings that south-eastern Australian forests are some of the most carbon-dense in the world, and have the potential to sequester 25% of our annual emissions for the next 100 years. Logging the carbon-rich forests of Tasmania depletes the stored carbon bank, emitting massive amounts of greenhouse gas pollution.
It is outrageous, given the urgent threat of climate change, that the Rudd Government is even considering this carbon-polluting pulp mill. In fact, the climate change implications of the logging have totally escaped any assessment in Government approvals.
Gunns still has a number of condition modules that need to be submitted to the government for approval. One of those modules includes the impact of 64,000 tonnes of effluent containing some of the deadliest substances known to man that is to be flushed into the Bass Strait - every day! And while the approval deadline looms, unbelievably our government has indicated that they would be willing to consider an extension.
Enough is enough! Too many politicians have been dancing round this pulp mill already. Enough exceptions, excuses and fast-tracking of processes have already been made.
With your help, we can convince the government that no further special allowances should be made.
Thank you for the difference you are making.
Pulp Mill Campaigner, Wilderness Society
Recent research shows that the half-lives of many pesticides in Tasmania is more than double those listed on the material safety data sheets, due to the local cooler climate and soil characteristics. Letter from Dr Alsion Bleaney OBE and Philip J Tattersall .
This plain English guide to Gunns' contract offer was prepared by a Melbourne lawyer for landowners who have been made an offer by Gunns to purchase rights to install a pipeline across their land.
The bottom line is that it seems the landowner is being offered a short term, once off financial benefit, for long term financial detriment and long term inconvenience and risk.
Download this information as a pdf copy from below.
(a) Gunns wants to build a pipeline from Lake Trevallyn to the site of the proposed pulp mill.
(b) The land on which the pipeline is proposed to be constructed includes private land.
(c) Gunns is offering to pay money to landowners in exchange for a right to construct the pipeline on their land. This right is called an “easement”. Easement is a legal term which means a right enjoyed by one person (Gunns) with regard to the land of another person (the landowner), which interferes with the normal rights of the landowner.
(d) An easement lasts forever. It is registered on the certificate of title of the property and so is on the public record. It is relevant to valuing the land on which the easement is granted. The right can only be taken away from Gunns if both Gunns and the landowner agree to terminate the easement or if a Court orders that the easement is terminated (for example, if there is no need for the pipeline anymore).
(e) Gunns is offering to pay the landowner for the grant of the easement. The purchase price is determined by a per hectare value of the land and increased by CPI as at the day that the payment of 80% of the purchase price is to be paid to the landowner.
(f) 80% of the purchase price is to be paid to the landowner 21 days after the later of:
i. Gunns’ Board approving the contract by 30 June 2009; or
ii. the completion of the final design of the pipeline infrastructure; or
iii. the completion of the survey plan of the “pipeline easement land”, which is the land in the map attached to the contract (it includes the part of the land that the pipeline is proposed to be constructed on or under, and land on either side of the pipeline. The easement is for the “pipeline easement land”).
(g) The rest of the purchase price (20%) is to be paid to the landowner after construction of the pipeline is completed and when the landowner agrees that there is no damage to the landowner’s land that Gunns needs to fix.
(h) When the 80% is payable, all documents required to register the easement on the certificate of title have to be sent from the landowner to Gunn’s solicitors, so they are armed with everything they need to register the easement on the title to the property.
(i) The Board approval condition referred to at 1(f)(i) above can be “waived”. This means that Gunns can decide that it is no longer a condition of the contract that the Board approve the contract by 30 June 2009. If that happens, payment of the 80% will be 21 days after 1(f)(ii) (completion of the design) or 1(f)(iii) (completion of the survey plan).
(j) Gunns has to complete the design and the survey plan within 4 months of the Board approval of the contract, or within 4 months of the waiver of the condition of Board approval of the contract. This suggests that, at the latest, Gunns’ Board approves or waives the condition for Board approval on about 30 June 2009, the survey plan and design are completed in 4 months after that (end October 2009) and the 80% is paid 21 days after that (end November 2009).
(a) Gunns will be interfering with the rights of the landowner.
(b) An easement lasts forever.
(c) This type of easement is likely to decrease the value of the whole of the landowners’ land, not just that part of the land where the pipeline would be constructed. This will be relevant if the landowner or the landowners heirs want to sell the land. Also, it might affect any existing mortgage on the land. A loan from a bank secured by a mortgage over the land may end up being more than the value of the land itself.
(d) There is no ongoing fee in consideration for the right, even though the right continues forever. There is just the once off payment in 2 parts (80% and 20%).
(e) There is no certainty as to when the 80% will be payable.
(f) There is less certainty as to when the 20% will be paid.
(g) The contract does not say when the pipeline construction will commence, by what date it has to commence or by what date it has to be completed, which creates uncertainty.
(h) Before the landowner receives any money and before there is any certainty that the landowner will ever receive any money at all, the landowner has to allow Gunns’ access to the land to prepare the design and the survey plan any time that Gunns wants access.
(i) Gunns can change boundaries of where the pipeline will run through the landowner’s land at any time that it wants to without the consent of the landowner.
(j) The landowner has no say as to who completes the design or the survey plan and the landowner has to accept the design and the survey plan even if the landowner doesn’t agree with it.
(k) Gunns can cut down, clear or remove anything which it thinks interferes with the pipeline on the landowner’s land without the consent of the landowner, even if the landowner thinks that something doesn’t interfere with the pipeline.
(l) Gunns can put whatever signs it wants on the landowner’s land where the pipeline would be constructed, even if the landowner doesn’t agree to the signage.
(m) Gunns can put a gate on any fence on the land where the pipeline would be constructed, even if the landowner doesn’t agree that the gate should be located there. There is no obligation for Gunns to pay for or maintain any fencing.
(n) Gunns can access the landowner’s land on and around where the pipeline would be constructed, whenever it wants to and stay there for as long as it wants, even if the landowner doesn’t want them to.
(o) Gunns can put any vehicles, materials or equipment on the landowner’s land on and around where the pipeline would be constructed, even if the landowner doesn’t want them to.
(p) Gunns can access any other part of the landowner’s entire land at any time that it wants to without the consent of the landowner.
(q) Gunns only has to minimise the impact that Gunns and the pipeline will have on the rest of the landowner’s land, so it is expected that there will be negative impact on the rest of the landowner’s land.
(r) Gunns is only required to fix any damage to the landowner’s land as best as it reasonably and possibly can, so there is no requirement to fully fix any damage.
(s) Gunns does not have to bury the pipeline. The pipeline can run above ground, further decreasing the value of the landowner’s land.
(t) The landowner cannot do anything to its land where the pipeline will run, nor around it, without the consent of Gunns.
(u) The landowner is being offered a short term, once off financial benefit, for long term financial detriment and long term inconvenience.
This document is only a summary and does not contain all of the terms that are contained in the contract or in the annexures to the contract. This document does not constitute legal advice and is a guide only. The author is not responsible for any loss or damage arising from reliance on the content of this document. Landowners should seek their own independent legal advice.
This summary was released on 16 June 2008 by Lawyers for Forests as general information for the public. It does not constitute legal opinion or a view as to the merits of the case. The trial started on 18 June before Justice Tracey in the Federal Court in Melbourne. For further information, go to www.lawyersforforest.asn.au
On 4 October 2007, the then Federal Environment Minister, Malcolm Turnbull, approved the construction and operation of Gunns’ pulp mill in the Tamar Valley, Tasmania, under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (“the Act”). The decision imposed 48 conditions on the approval of the mill.
LFF is concerned about the significant impact that the mill will have on the environment, including on the marine environment, native forests and the species that rely on those habitats. LFF is also concerned to ensure that the decision to approve the mill complies with the law.
LFF is challenging the Minister’s decision on 9 grounds, many of which relate to the Minister approving the mill without knowing its environmental impacts. The conditions attached to the decision require further scientific testing to determine the impact of the mill’s toxic effluent (dioxins and furans - which are the most toxic known to science). LFF believes that this testing should have been part of the assessment before the approval decision was made.
The conditions allow the mill to produce a volume of toxic effluent that is simply that set by Gunns, which is absent any proper scientific measurement.
There have been previous proceedings brought by The Wilderness Society and The Investors for the Future of Tasmania relating to the Minister’s earlier decision about the assessment process for the mill. The case brought by LFF is the only case challenging the approval decision.
If the LFF challenge is successful, the approval decision will be set aside. Gunns’ pulp mill would not have Federal government approval and Minister Garrett would need to consider and decide the issue again.
“would stifle the litigation and prevent an applicant ... from agitating a matter which it considers to involve questions of public importance and which seems, on the material currently before the Court, to be made bona fide and raises arguable questions of law.”
After LFF launched its case in December last year, Gunns Ltd applied for an order that LFF pay “security for costs” (estimated to be in the order of $100,000) before the case be allowed to proceed. If Gunns had been successful in that application, LFF would have been forced to discontinue the case as it did not have the money. On 30 April 2008, Justice Marshall ruled against Gunns, deciding that, in the circumstances, to make the order for security for costs:
This was a welcome precedent for public interest cases, and for access to justice. Gunns was ordered to pay LFF’s costs for that hearing.
Gunns and the Minister also sought to prevent LFF from introducing expert evidence from Professor Andrew Wadsley. On 4 June 2008, Justice Tracey ruled against introducing evidence by affidavit, allowing instead some of the evidence to be put by way of submissions from LFF, avoiding the need for Professor Wadsley to attend Court to give evidence.
Summary of Grounds
Lawyers for Forests is seeking judicial review of the Federal Environment Minister’s decision to approve Gunns’ Tamar Valley pulp mill. The judicial review process challenges the way the Minister made the decision to approve the pulp mill. It does not review the merits of the decision. It reviews whether or not the decision was made lawfully on the following grounds:
1. The Act does not allow the Minister to impose the conditions that he did, as the conditions create a scheme that is outside that allowed by the Act.
2. The Minister did not take account of the “precautionary principle” in that he used lack of scientific certainty as a reason for postponing a measure to prevent degradation of the environment when there are threats of serious or irreversible environmental damage.
3. The Minister did not have enough information to make an informed decision as to whether to approve the mill, when the Act requires that he have enough information.
4. The Minister did not seek further information before making his decision, when the Act requires that he seek further information before making the decision.
5. The Minister made the decision before assessing all of the relevant impacts in circumstances where information about those impacts was available, which is inconsistent with the Act.
6. The Minister improperly exercised his powers under the Act because no reasonable person could have made the decision that was made by the Minister in the circumstances in which he made it.
7. The Minister improperly exercised his powers under the Act because the result of the decision was uncertain.
8. There was no evidence before the Minister to justify using a Canadian guideline to set maximum limits for the concentration of toxic chemicals in sediments (Condition 42).
9. The imposition of Condition 42 setting a maximum limit for toxic chemicals in ocean sediments based on a Canadian freshwater guideline was irrational.
Did you know that the State Government passed a law in 2007 that removes your right to appeal for compensation for any harm caused by Gunns’ planned pulp mill?
Section 11 of the Pulp Mill Assessment Act (PMAA) 2007
Section 11 says no one is entitled to appeal for compensation from damages to their business, property values or health caused by Gunns’ planned pulp mill.
In passing the PMAA, Parliament has used its power to weaken the democratic rights of Tasmanians.
The legislation deliberately and thoroughly removes any opportunity for people to seek redress through the courts if they are adversely affected in any way.
Section 11 headed ‘Limitation to rights of appeal’, declares that:
‘a person is not entitled to appeal to a body or other person, court or tribunal; or no order or review may be made under the Judicial Review Act 2000; or no declaratory judgment may be given; or no other action or proceeding may be brought – in respect of any action, decision, process, matter or thing arising out of or relating to any assessment or approval of the project under this Act.’
Section 11 prevents legal redress for harm to any:
What Premier Bartlett must do
Premier Bartlett must show his concern for equal treatment of all Tasmanians and repeal section 11 of the PMAA.
Why you should ask the Premier to act
To protect yourself, your property, your children and your business from harm from the planned pulp mill.
Why act now?
What you can do
Phone to make an appointment to see Premier Bartlett; write a letter, fax or email today.
Phone: (03) 6233 8807
Fax: (03) 6233 8013
Mail: Level 11, 15 Murray St, Hobart, 7000
Send a copy to:
Did you know?
The planned pulp mill is:
Gunns have not provided a risk assessment in their Integrated Impact Assessment of hazardous chemical transport, of the pulp mill generally* or of pipelines carrying water and waste. UK regulations now requires a risk assessment for the transport of all hazardous chemicals. The cost of not doing a risk assessment could be very significant. A range of risks must be considered in building and operating pipelines such as those listed below.
Summary of general pipeline construction and operation risks
1. The accuracy and completeness of knowledge of the pipeline area is critical for measuring risk eg. ground stability and sources of pollution hazards that might affect the operation of the pipeline.
2. Route of the pipeline influences the degree of risk eg densely populated areas present greater risk.
3. Bridges, tunnels, and crossing existing supply pipes or roads, rivers railways etc constitute a significant liability risk. Risks increase when large rivers have to be crossed.
4. Hazards for pipes at sea are greater than on land. The distance of a pipeline from coast, beaches, tourist centres etc and sea currents and wind directions is required to assess the risk of environmental impairment. It is important to know if offshore pipes are to be laid on the seabed or buried as ship’s anchors or nets quite often damage pipelines.
5. Floods following heavy rainfall are a much feared threat in pipeline construction with open trenches. Frequent flooding occurs in pipeline trenches around the world.
6. Pumping and compressor stations present a greater risk of fire and explosion than does the pipe.
7. Some other risks that are normally covered by insurance include negligence by personnel, lightning, pipe fracture, leakage, theft, riot and civil commotion etc.
* A risk study in Gunns’ IIS of chlorine dioxide manufactured on site reports that the hazard stops at the pulp mill boundary fence.
Information sourced from various documents written as guidelines for risk assessors.
Three Tamar Valley business owners and Environment Tasmania have recently launched a Supreme Court challenge to the Tasmanian Government’s approval of Gunns’ pulp mill.
Using the infamous Section 11 of the Pulp Mill Assessment Act, the government has refused repeated requests to provide reasons for its assessment and decision to approve the mill.
An analysis of the strategic planning environment for the planned pulp mill was presented to TAP members in early May 2008. Presenter was Mike Bolan.
Its purpose was to inform planning and decisions about where to focus efforts.
Some slides from that presentation are shown below to give a whole of system perspective . It follows on from a workshop that identified the needs of community members of TAP who live in the affected area of the Tamar Valley and northern Tasmania.
Mr Gerard Brown
ANZ Group Headquarters
100 Queen St Melbourne Vic 3000
We wish to draw attention to the impacts on threatened species from Gunns Ltd’s proposed Long Reach pulp mill in northern Tasmania and the role of ANZ as prospective principal banker.
We and the general public understand that the ANZ has serious obligations under the Equator Principles to examine the environmental aspects of the pulp mill project and the pipeline route.
Our state politicians have passed an anti-democratic law (Section 11, Pulp Mill Assessment Act) which says you are not entitled to appeal for compensation for damages caused by Gunns pulp mill to your business, property values or health.
Peter Henning writes about the “Limitation to rights of appeal” (Section 11) and how people are excluded from access to the court.
....“If the law is unjust, then access to the law is not access to justice.” (Julian Burnside 2006)
The Pulp Mill Assessment Act 2007 is an unjust law. It is a law which promotes dispossession. It is a law which fosters a new form of political terra nullius in Tasmania. Section 11 of the Act is abhorrent in its meaning and intent. Those who voted for it do not deserve to be, and cannot claim to be, representatives of the people.
The Pulp Mill Assessment Act 2007 should be repealed....
By Peter Henning
.....If Rudd is sincere in his belief that in modern Australia the real battle of ideas is between free-market fundamentalism and the notion that individual wealth should be balanced by social responsibility, the pulp mill is a vital test....
... Another indication is that Tasmanians in the 2007 federal election voted overwhelmingly for politicians who have no concern about any of the impacts of the pulp mill on them or future generations. They voted for politicians who have ignored all independent expertise and advice, from economists to scientists, from doctors to former members of the sidelined state RPDC, and of course they voted for politicians who have ignored hundreds of public submissions.
TAP is not an environment group and is not politically-aligned. We have fought successfully for 10 years to stop Gunns and the State and Federal Governments from building a 1.1million tonnes PA pulp mill in a valley that is home to 100,000 people on the island of Tasmania.
TAP was the first group to oppose a pulp mill in the Tamar Valley. We were originally called TRAC which became TAP Into A Better Tasmania. TAP was also the first community group in Tasmania to oppose industrial tree plantations.
TAP has prevailed over almost insurmountable odds to prevent dangerous, corrupt and irresponsible people from degrading the Tamar Valley in Tasmania. TAP uses imaginative and bold actions to defend Tasmania from Gunns, their successors and their political cronies. TAP provides a stimulating informaton forum in the Tamar Valley.